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Source for wiki WG1Ballot version 8




Fixed typos.







Notes about results:

  * you may list as many of the options as you want in order of preference
  * options are comma-delimited (ignoring space) and case-insensitive
  * you may write in your own option if you announce it to the list first
  * everything but the `preferences` line is free-form, and may be used for a rationale
  * `module` means "yes, but I want it in a separate module"
  * `wg2` means "no, but I think it should go in WG2"
  * `undecided` means I want to discuss this issue further
  * abstain by leaving the preferences blank

= WG1 New Ballot Items =

= WG1 Ballot Items To Finalize By Oct. 12 =

== Working Group 1 ==

=== #1 Which VCS do we use? ===

We need a VCS to keep track of changes to the standard as we start
drafting it.

  * '''Options:''' bzr,darcs,git,hg,monotone,svn,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - Modules ==

=== #2 Module System ===

As per the charter, we need a module system
proposal which allows sharing of code between

This is one issue where we can't default to
the R5RS, since it has no module system. If
we can't come to consensus, we will have to
take the R6RS module system as-is.

  * '''Proposals:'''
    * '''hsu:''' ModulesAndPackagesArcfide
    * '''shinn:''' ModulesShinn
  * '''Options:''' hsu, shinn, r6rs, undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - Core ==

=== #40 SRFI vs. R6RS precedence ===

Given equal technical merit and compatible extensibility for WG2,
should WG1 prefer SRFIs or standardized behaviors from R6RS when faced
with the choice. For example, a version of syntax-violation
vs. syntax-error.

This is a meta-item, to be used only as a guideline.

  * '''Options:''' srfi,r6rs,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #37 transcript-on and transcript-off ===

These were relegated to a compatibility library
in R6RS.  Do we want to keep them, drop them, or
move them to a library?

Yes means to keep them in the core, as in R5RS,
and no means to remove them entirely.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #38 letrec* ===

R6RS added letrec* and defined the semantics
of internal define to be equivalent.  Do we
want to add this?

Choose `letrec*` just to add the syntax, `define` to change the
behavior of internal define, or `yes`/`both` for both.

  * '''Options:''' both,letrec*,define,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #41 Should we adopt the SRFI-1 extension to MAP and FOR-EACH? ===

This extension allows the list arguments to be of unequal length, and
stops the procedure whenever any of them run out.  R5RS says the lists
''must'' be of the same length, R6RS says they ''should'' be.

`Yes` to allow unequal length.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #42 Should we adopt the SRFI-1 extension to ASSOC and MEMBER? ===

This extension accepts a third argument, the equality predicate to be
used.  Alternatively we could use the R6RS predicates ASSP and MEMP.

  * '''Options:''' srfi-1,r6rs,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #33 dynamic-wind ===

New to R5RS, do we reaffirm the sometimes debated dynamic-wind?

Removing this would require a strong rationale indicating that it's
fundamentally flawed.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #34 multiple values ===

New to R5RS, do we reaffirm multiple values, specifically the
procedures `call-with-values` and `values`?

Removing this would require a strong rationale indicating that it's
fundamentally flawed.

Note if these forms are removed or placed in a module, for consistency
none of the core library should return multiple values (as is the case
in R5RS).

`Yes` to keep them, `no` to remove them, and `module` to relegate them
to a module.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #54 optional arguments ===

Scheme's primitive mechanism of improper lambda-lists allows for
optional arguments, but only with extra machinery.  CL, DSSSL, and
some Schemes provide a special word such as `#!optional` in
lambda-lists, showing that the arguments which follow are optional and
may have default values.  SRFI-89 provides both optional and keyword
arguments via `lambda*` and `define*` and without introducing #!foo
special tokens.

Note the original ticket description mentions `case-lambda`, but this
is easily provided as a separate module, and will be a separate item.

  * '''Options:''' dsssl,srfi-89,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #57 Simple randomness ===

Student programs often want a small amount of randomness, not
necessarily of very high quality.  Shall we provide a simple interface
to a random variables in WG1 Scheme?

  * '''Options:''' srfi-27,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #59 current-error-port ===

Pretty much all Schemes except embedded ones provide a notion of
current error distinct from current output.  Should this be exposed as
a Scheme output port?

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #60 Simple file operations ===

Should WG1 provide a module equivalent to the (rnrs files) module?
This provides `delete-file` and `file-exists?`, which are pretty much
necessities for any file-driven programming.

Note PortsCowan automatically includes these - voting for them here
guarantees them even if not included by a specific proposal.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #64 Consistency in sequence procedures ===

Should we add the 10 procedures mentioned at CompleteSequenceCowan in
order to make the Scheme sequence types consistent?  They are
`make-list copy-list list-set! string-map string-for-each
string->vector copy-vector vector-map vector-for-each vector->string`,
all with the obvious interface and semantics.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #65 Precision indicators ===

R5RS requires that Scheme support five indicators for the precision of
floating-point values, not only the default `e` but also `s`, `f`,
`d`, and `l`.  Only a few Schemes actually support more than one
precision, so this is mostly noise.  Shall we make it an optional

  * '''Options:''' required,optional,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #66 Add EXACT-INTEGER? ===

Should we add an EXACT-INTEGER? predicate? Currently, to determine
whether a number is both an integer and exact, we must test for both,
which requires some hackery or poor pattern matching to optimize in
existing Scheme implementations.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #44 Testing function arity ===

We would like a standard for checking function arity. 
SRFI-102 proposes a way to check function arity:

  * '''Options:''' srfi-102,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #51 support for cyclic structures in primitives ===

list?, length, equal? and other fundamental primitives may diverge
when given cyclic data.  In the former two cases, avoiding this is
simple and not inefficient, and the equivalents are already provided
in SRFI-1.  In the latter case a
[ proposal]
was made and rejected on the R6RS list.  In the former case, R6RS
seems to require `list?` return `#f` and `length` raise an error.

Do we want to specify the behavior when these primitives encounter
cyclic data?

Options are `equal?` to specify `equal?` must not terminate on cyclic
input, `r6rs` to specify R6RS behavior for `list?` and `length`,
`srfi-1` to specify the SRFI-1 semantics (where `length` returns `#f`)
and `equal?+r6rs` or `equal?+srfi-1` are options for both.

  * '''Options:''' equal?,r6rs,srfi-1,equal?+r6rs,equal?+srfi-1,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #58 exact-integer-sqrt ===

Should WG1 include `exact-integer-sqrt` from R6RS?  It allows square
root operations in Schemes that don't provide inexact arithmetic, and
has different semantics from `sqrt`, as it rounds its argument down to
the nearest exact square.

  (exact-integer-sqrt k) => (values s r) ; k = s^2 + r

`r6rs`/`yes` for R6RS semantics, `list` to use a list instead of MV,
or `single` to only return `s`.

  * '''Options:''' r6rs,list,single,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #61 finite? nan? ===

Shall we add these numeric predicates defined on the IEEE floating
point values from #20?

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #63 call/cc short name ===

Should we allow `call/cc` as an equivalent to

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #53 Implicit BEGIN to implicit LET-NIL ===

In general, in places where an implict BEGIN occurs, it is possible to
change this to an implicit LET-NIL and remain backwards
compatible. Should we do this?

This is a meta-item to be used as a guideline, and specific places
would need to be brought up for review.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - Exceptions ==

=== #18 Exception System ===

R6RS provided a detailed exception system with
support for raising and catching exceptions, using
a hierarchy of exception types.

Do we use this, or parts of it, or a new exception

  * '''Proposals:'''
    * '''cowan:''' ExceptionHandlingCowan
  * '''Options:''' cowan, wg2, none, undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #17 error ===

Do we support the near ubiquitous SRFI-23 error procedure,
and if so should it use the SRFI-23 signature, R6RS, or
type-dispatch on the first argument to allow both?

Note ExceptionHandlingCowan currently includes a SRFI-23 compatible
`error` procedure.

  * '''Options:''' srfi-23,r6rs,both,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - I/O ==

=== #30 string ports ===

Do we support string ports, as implemented by SRFI-6
or as by R6RS?

  * '''Options:''' srfi-6,r6rs,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #52 read/write cyclic data ===

SRFI-38 standardizes the #0=(1 . #0#) shared
structure notation for read/write.  In the case
of write, this can be expensive to compute, but
otherwise the common case of the repl printing
a cyclic structure results in an infinite loop.

Do we want to add support for this, as an option
or separate set of procedures?

`srfi-38` for separate procedures or `native` to require `read` and
`write` to handle cyclic notation.

  * '''Options:''' srfi-38,native,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - Macros ==

=== #7 (... ...) ellipse escaping in syntax patterns ===

A popular extension, formalized in the R6RS,
is to allow "(... <templ>)" in a syntax-rules template
to be an escape for "<templ>".  Do we use this, and
if so what does (... <t1> <t2>) mean?

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #39 syntax-error ===

Should we have syntax-error parallel to SRFI-23 error?  This is evoked
when macros are expanded.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #5 syntax-rules ===

Do we keep syntax-rules in the core, relegate
it to a standard module, or leave it out entirely
(possibly letting WG2 specify it).

`Yes` to keep in core, `no` to remove from Scheme entirely.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #10 identifier syntax ===

R6RS introduced identifier syntax as a way to
expand identifiers in non-macro positions.

Orthogonal to the overall macro system and what
types of expanders are provided, do we provide
a means to specify identifier syntax?

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #47 internal define-syntax ===

R6RS extends define-syntax to be allowed
in local lexical contexts.  Do we allow
this as well?

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #6 syntax-rules _ patterns ===

R6RS adds _ as a wild-card pattern, breaking
some existing R5RS macros.  Do we add the _ wildcard,
or leave it as a normal identifier as in R5RS?

Yes to add, no for R5RS.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #8 SRFI-46 ellipse specifier in syntax-rules ===

As an alternative to #7, SRFI-46 proposed
allowing an optional ellipse specified as
an identifier before the literals list in

  (syntax-rules ::: ()
     <ellipse now represented as ::: instead of ...>)

Do we allow this?

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #9 tail patterns in syntax-rules ===

SRFI-46 and R6RS both allow a fixed number of
tail patterns following an ellipsis in a syntax-rules

  (P1 ... Pk Pe <ellipsis> Pm+1 ... Pn)

R6RS further allows dotted tail patterns

  (P1 ... Pk Pe <ellipsis> Pm+1 ... Pn . Px)

where Px only matches a dotted list.

Do we allow either or both of these extensions?

  * '''Options:''' tail,dotted-tail,both,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - Numerics ==

=== #20 inexact infinities ===

R6RS provides support for inexact infinities
and NaN objects.  Do we keep these, and if so
do we use the same literal syntax and arithmetic
as in R6RS?

`Yes` to keep them with the same syntax and semantics of R6RS, or
write in a separate proposal for some other syntax/semantics.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #21 limited type arithmetic ===

R6RS provides libraries for limited type arithmetic on fixnums only
and flonums only (i.e. `fx+`, `fl*` etc.).  Do we want these?

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #22 mantissa widths ===

R6RS introduced the concept of mantissa widths
as an alternative to the R5RS #s in numbers.
Do we want either or both of these?

  * '''Options:''' r5rs,r6rs,both,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - Reader Syntax ==

=== #11 case-sensitivity ===

Does the reader fold case by default, and if so how?

Yes to fold-case (R5RS) no to preserve case (R6RS), additional votes
to come later from specific proposals.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #15 #\foo character names ===

R6RS greatly extends the list of character names,
as well as allowing #\xNN numeric escapes for characters.
Do we allow any or all of these names?

`mnemonic` for `#\tab` and friends, `numeric` for `#\xNN` as in R6RS,
and `yes`/`both` for both.

The exact list of added names is to be decided later.

  * '''Options:''' mnemonic,numeric,both,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #13 [brackets] as (parens) ===

R6RS allows [] brackets as identical to parenthesis,
with the condition that they must balance.  Do we
accept this extension, propose some other use for
brackets, or leave them unspecified?

`Yes` for R6RS, `no` for R5RS, or write in a proposal for some other
meaning for brackets.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #14 alternate comment syntax ===

R6RS provides support for #; nested sexp comments,
and #| ... |# nested block comments.  Do we include
either or both of these?

  * '''Options:''' sexp,block,both,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #16 symbol escapes ===

R6RS provides character escapes in symbols of the form `\xnnnn;`,
where nnnn is 1-5 hex digits.  Do we accept this extension?  Do we
also allow |...| to escape a whole symbol or a part of one?

In all existing standards pipes are reserved and the |...| syntax is
unspecified.  In most implementations it's recognized, but there are
at least a few implementations where pipes are normal character

  * '''Options:''' numeric,quoted,both,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #67 string escapes ===

R6RS provides character escapes in strings of the form \xnnnn;, where
nnnn is 1-5 hex digits, as well as \n, \t etc. C-like escapes for
common control characters. Do we accept either or both of these

  * '''Options:''' numeric,mnemonic,both,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - Strings and Chars ==

=== #24 char and string folding ===

R6RS provided operations to alter the case of strings and characters
(upcase, downcase, titlecase and foldcase) using locale-independent
Unicode mappings.  Do we provide equivalent mappings?

Note in a Unicode implementation individual character casings are
incomplete, and string case is not defined as a simple mapping of case
over the constituent characters.

Note UnicodeCowan currently provides mappings at both levels.

  * '''Options:''' strings,chars,both,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #26 string normalization ===

R6RS provides procedures to explicitly convert
strings back and forth between the four Unicode
normalization forms.

The previous phrasing of this option was overly vague, referring to
"any form of normalization."  I've had to treat `yes` votes as
undecided for lack of a better default.  If you voted `yes` before
please choose one of the following options or write in your own

  * generic - `string-normalize` converts to a single implementation-defined normal form
  * separate - `string-compose-canonical`, `string-decompose-canonical` and `string-decompose-compatibility` gives orthogonal control over the normalization being performed
  * specific - `string-normalize-{nfd,nfc,nfkd,nfkc}` converts explicitly to the four normal forms defined in the Unicode standard
  * agnostic - `string-ni=?' etc. provides an API of basic normalization insensitive procedures without explicitly converting the strings, analagous to `string-ci=?'

Note UnicodeCowan currently provides specific normalization

  * '''Options:''' generic,separate,specific,agnostic,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #27 string-ref/set! access time ===

R6RS suggests string-ref and string-set! work
in O(1) time, implying strings are implemented
as character arrays.  Do we reaffirm this?

`Yes` for required constant time.

  * '''Options:''' yes,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #23 character set ===

R5RS said almost nothing about character sets.
R6RS specified full Unicode.  Do we specify a
character set, or limit the options in any way?

  * '''Proposals:'''
    * '''cowan:''' UnicodeCowan
  * '''Options:''' cowan,r5rs,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 


= WG1 Controversial Ballot Items =

== WG1 - Core ==

=== #50 Byte-Vectors ===

Several SRFIs, R6RS, and most Scheme implementations
support some sort of uniform packed integer vectors.
In particular, these are necessary for efficient
binary I/O, and for memory mapping, so WG2 will
certainly want them.

Do we provide a syntax and basic API for these in WG1?

  * '''Proposals:'''
    * '''cowan:''' BlobAPI
    * '''snellpym:''' BlobsAndSRFI4SnellPym
  * '''Options:''' cowan, snellpym, wg2, none, undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #69 Parameters ===

Most Scheme implementations provide some form of dynamic bindings such
as those provided by SRFI-39 parameters.

  * '''Proposals:'''
    * '''cowan:''' ImmutableParametersCowan
    * '''snellpym:''' ParametersSnellPym
  * '''Options:''' cowan, snellpym, srfi-39, wg2, none, undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

=== #32 user-defined types ===

Do we support any means of creating disjoint
user-defined types, such as in SRFI-9, SRFI-99
or the R6RS record system?

  * '''Proposals:'''
    * '''hsu:''' RecordsArcfide
    * '''rush:''' UserAggregatesRush
    * '''snellpym:''' UniqueTypesSnellPym
  * '''Options:''' hsu,rush,snellpym,srfi-9,srfi-99,no,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 

== WG1 - Libraries ==

=== #36 hash-tables ===

R6RS and SRFI-69 both provide hash-table interfaces.
Do we provide either of these, or try to provide
some primitives on which efficient hash-tables can
be implemented?

  * '''Options:''' srfi-69,r6rs,no,module,wg2,undecided
  * '''Preferences:''' 


2010-09-13 00:09:38